The mountain gorilla Populations can be found in Uganda—Bwindi impenetrable and Mgahinga national parks, Rwanda-volcanoes national park and the Democratic Republic of Congo in Virunga national park. The number of mountain gorillas is estimated to be around 780 however, their exact number is not known because they inhabit some of the most dense and remote rainforests in Africa. Significant populations still exist, including in isolated forests of Bwindi.

Mountain gorillas can be distinguished from other gorilla subspecies by their slightly larger size; their fur is thicker and longer. They also have more pronounced bony crests on the top and back of their skulls, giving their heads a more conical shape. Large numbers have not protected the mountain gorilla from decline. Because of poaching and disease, the gorilla’s numbers have declined by more than 60% over the last 20 to 25 years. Even if all of the threats to mountain gorillas were removed, scientists calculate that the population would require some 75 years recovering.

It is the mountain Gorilla that occurs in volcanoes national park and is found here at the highest densities so far recorded for the species. In the area of Karisimbi and Sabinyo Gorillas live in groups ranging in size from 10 to 25 individuals, usually with one silverback, maybe 5-7 adult females and then a collection of sub-adults, babies and sometimes subordinate males. Movements within the home range depend on seasonal utilization of key food types. Staple foods for example include leaves, shoots and plant material, but the seasonal availability of fruit is crucial in the diet and influences group foraging movements. Born at 2kg (4.5lbs), female mountain Gorillas will grow to around 220 lbs in weight, while the much larger males might reach 195 kg (430 lbs) and stand (6 ft) in height.

Gorilla tracking in Rwanda

Mountain Gorillas can be observed in volcanoes national park through tracking habituated groups using the impressive skills of our expert local trackers. As a result of the work done by gorilla researcher Diany Fossey , a number of habituated groups can be tracked and observed in the area around Volcanoes. There are 10 habituated groups including Sabyinyo Group, Agashya Group, Amahoro Group, Umubano Group, Susa Group, Karisimbi Group, Hirwa Group, Kwitonda Group, Bwenge Group and Ugende Group. 9 of these groups are usually accessed by our guests while the 10th is used primarily for research purposes. A wide variety of budget gorilla tours available starting from 1 day gorilla trek from Kigali to as many as you want depending on your budget and time. Tracking expeditions start as early as 8am through the thick undergrowth and including the time spent with a gorilla group, excursions can last between 2 to 5 hours.

Gorilla Tracking Rules

  • Minimum age for gorilla viewing is 15 years – this is for reasons of safety but also for possible disease transmission, with children under this age more prone to infection.
  • Maximum proximity to gorillas is 7 metres (22 feet). It is not permitted to approach more closely and we typically view the animals at 10-15m (32-50 feet).
  • Maximum viewing duration of any group is 1 hour per day. Each group is only visited once per day, but if guests would like to spend more than an hour with gorillas on a particular day and time allows it is possible to track a different group following the first encounter.
  • Maximum number of guests per gorilla tracking excursion is 6.
  • Guests that display cold, flu or other respiratory tract symptoms will not be allowed to track gorillas.
  • No food is permitted on gorilla tracking excursions, nor is smoking allowed. Hand washing facilities are provided at the starting point prior to gorilla tracking.
  • While gorilla sightings and encounters are very reliable, viewing is dependent on variables such as weather and tracking conditions.

Among the credible tour companies through which you can book a gorilla safari of your budget include Lets Go Tours Rwanda Ltd, Gorilla Trek Africa, Experience Uganda Safaris, Gorilla Expeditions Limited, Go Gorilla Trekking and Volcanoes Safaris among others.

Egypt has all the ingredients of a perfect holiday: rich cultural and historical heritage including the world’s most iconic landmarks, a dry, sunny and hot climate, pristine beaches, world-class scuba diving and snorkelling a plethora of water sports to choose from and a bustling capital filled with markets and bazaars. So, with so much to see and do, how do you narrow you to-do list down to just five things? Here’s a good place to start.

The Valley of the Kings

On the West Bank of the Nile at Luxor you’ll find the Valley of the Kings. This is one of the most important archaeological finds in the world. This is the burial site of almost every king of the Ancient Egyptian civilization, including its most famous, Tutankhamen.

The Temples of Luxor

On the East Bank of the Nile are a series of temples focusing around the Temple of Luxor and the Temple of Karnak. This was the main settlement throughout the Ancient Egyptian era.

The Pyramids of Giza and the Sphinx

Just outside of Giza, on the outskirts of Cairo are perhaps Egypt’s most famous landmarks, the Pyramids. Located on a plateau, guarded by the also famous Sphinx, the Pyramids date all the way back to the third millennia BC, the fourth Dynasty of the Ancient Egyptians.

Cairo and the Museum of Egyptian Antiquities

Cairo is vast and offers much to see and do from the medieval Islamic city to the Coptic sites in the Old Town area as well as numerous night bazaars and food markets. Felucca rides along the Nile and sipping coffee and smoking sheesha are popular evening attractions. The Museum of Egyptian Antiquities is a must do. This is one of the world’s greatest museums and its collection of Egyptian antiquities, is without doubt the best preserved and most extensive in the world, with more than 136,000 items on display including Tutankhamen’s treasures.

Snorkelling or scuba diving in the red sea

Away from all that history is another side to Egypt, this one is found not on land, but underwater. The Red Sea is teeming with life and boasts some of the best scuba diving and snorkelling in the world. There are shipwrecks, colourful corals, schools of fish of all kinds, sharks, rays and all manner of sea life, large and small. It’s also a great place to learn to scuba dive as the waters are calm and clear.

Enticed yet? Egypt holidays from Thomas Cook offer something for everyone, especially if you decide to go for one of the Nile Cruise and beach stay packages.

In this article, you find information about Uganda's most important bird areas (IBs). it is a a compelte guide to those instested in bird watching safari in Uganda, either escorted or self drive.

1) Lake Mburo National Park
Landscape diversity such as open savannah plains and grasslands dotted with acacia tree species. The savanna is interspersed with rocky ridges and forested gorges in the western part of the park while patches of papyrus swamp and narrow bands of lush riparian woodland line many lakes.

Lake Mburo forms part of a 50km-long wetland system linked by a swamp together with 13 other lakes in the area. Notable birds include; Red-faced Barbet, Shoebill, Papyrus Gonolek, Carruthers's Cisticola, White-winged Scrub-warbler, Papyrus Yellow Warbler, Sharpe's Pied-babbler, Red-chested Sunbird and Northern Brown-throated Weaver.

2) Rwenzori Mountains National Park

The Park contains the second highest number of Albertine Rift endemics of any Important Bird Area in Uganda, and the second highest number of species of the Afro tropical Highlands biome, both after Bwindi. There is an unconfirmed report of the globally near-threatened Lagden's Bush-shrike. The species of the Afro tropical Highlands biome include some spectacular or rare birds, such as Bamboo Warbler, Golden-winged Sunbird and Red-tufted Sunbird. Seventeen species of the Guinea–Congo Forests biome also occur, but all are well represented in other sites.

Birds include; Shelley's Crimson-wing, Western Green Tinkerbird, Handsome Francolin, Dusky Turtle-dove, Ruwenzori Turaco, African Long-eared Owl, Scarce Swift, Cinnamon-chested Bee-eater, Grey Cuckooshrike, White-bellied Crested-flycatcher, White-tailed Crested-flycatcher, Stripe-breasted Tit, Chubb's Cisticola, Collared Apalis, Black-faced Apalis, Eastern Mountain Greenbul, Mountain Flycatcher-warbler, Red-faced Woodland-warbler, Brown Woodland-warbler ,White-browed Crombec, Mountain Illadopsis, Grey-chested Babbler, African Hill Babbler, Sharpe's Starling, Red-throated Alethe, White-starred Robin, Equatorial Akalat, Thick-billed Seedeater and Oriole Finch.

3) Murchison Falls National Park

The Park boasts a rich avifauna, with a checklist of more than 460 species, due to its large size and wide range of habitats. The convergence zone between the lake and the delta forms a shallow area that is important for water birds, especially Shoebill. This species is an important tourist attraction of Murchison Falls national park, the only Park where one is almost certain of seeing the bird. Shoebill is regularly recorded along the Nile inside the park, especially at the delta and on two islands in the river. The Park supports 20 species from three non-qualifying biomes: 11 species of the Guinea–Congo Forests, six species of the Afro tropical Highlands and three of the Somali–Masai biome.

Populations of Important Bird Area Trigger Species include; Ring-necked Francolin (Near Threatened), Pallid Harrier (Near Threatened), Black-winged Pratincole (Near Threatened), African Skimmer (Near Threatened), Papyrus Gonolek (Near Threatened), Heuglin's Francolin, Lesser Kestrel, Rock Pratincole, White-crested Turaco, Red-throated Bee-eater, Yellow-billed Shrike, Emin's Shrike, Red-pate Cisticola, White-winged Scrub-warbler, Sharpe's Pied-babbler, Purple Glossy-starling, Bronze-tailed Glossy-starling, Red-chested Sunbird, Chestnut-crowned Sparrow-weaver, White-cheeked Oliveback, Black-bellied Firefinch, Black-rumped Waxbill and Papyrus Canary.

4) Bwindi Impenetrable National Park

Add bird watching on your gorilla safari in Uganda's Bwindi Impenetrable Natonal Park, a home to half of the world's last remaining population of mountain gorillas. The National Park checklist currently totals 347 species. Mubwindi swamp is home to Grauer's Swamp-warbler. Some of the species endemic to the Albertine Rift, such as Brown-cheeked Hornbill, African Green Broadbill and Turner's Eremomela have limited distributions elsewhere in their range. The northern sector is especially rich in species of the Guinea–Congo Forests biome.

Populations of Important Bird Area Trigger Species include; Speckled Tinkerbird, Western Green Tinkerbird, Yellow-spotted Barbet, Handsome Francolin, Cassin's Hawk-eagle, White-spotted Fluff tail, Afep Pigeon, Dusky Turtle-dove, Black-collared Lovebird, Dusky Long-tailed Cuckoo, Red-chested Owlet, Bar-tailed Trogon, Blue-throated Roller, Forest Scimitarbill, Grey-cheeked Hornbill, Brown-cheeked Hornbill, Dwarf Honey guide, Buff-spotted Woodpecker, Ruwenzori Batis, Chestnut Wattle-eye, Jameson's Wattle-eye , Lagden's Bush-shrike, Forest Ground-thrush and Scarlet-tufted Sunbird

5) Queen Elizabeth National Park

This is one of the most popular National Parks in Uganda for birdwatchers. Its diversity is reflected in its list of more than 600 species, the highest number recorded in any Important Bird Area in Uganda and probably the highest of any protected area in Africa. Seven species of the Afro tropical Highlands biome have been recorded, as have three of the Sudan–Guinea Savanna biome. Other notable congregations at this site include Shoebill on Lake George.

Populations of Important Bird Area Trigger Species include; Speckled Tinkerbird, Yellow-spotted Barbet, Hairy-breasted Barbet, Lesser Flamingo, Madagascar Pond-heron, Shoebill, Great White Pelican, Lesser Kestrel, Great Snipe, Black-winged Pratincole, Sterna nilotica, African Skimmer, Black-collared Lovebird, Sabine's Spinetail, Chocolate-backed Kingfisher, Grey-cheeked Hornbill, Brown-eared Woodpecker, African Shrike-flycatcher, Chestnut Wattle-eye, Papyrus Gonolek, Petit's Cuckooshrike, Western Black-headed Oriole, Yellow-spotted Nicator, White-winged Scrub-warbler, Uganda Woodland-warbler, Scaly-breasted Illadopsis, Sharpe's Pied-babbler, Purple-headed Glossy-starling, White-tailed Ant-thrush, Rufous Flycatcher-thrush, Forest Robin and Papyrus Canary

The first thought that comes when one imagines traveling to South Africa is undeniably its rich wildlife parks. This is where there is the famous Kruger National Park that needs no introduction. He is one of the most famous tourist attractions on site. Most of the organized tours included in their programs. But there are many others ...
Spread over more than a million square kilometers, the South African territory is also a gateway not only on the Indian Ocean, but also on the Atlantic Ocean. The country also meets with the sea and mountains than plains and deserts.

To this is added a population as varied as the landscape. These advantages make the largest economy on the African continent.
South Africa is a vast country that deserves to be covered in both the land and on the sea. Both coasts offer many sports activities such as scuba diving or surfing. Whether one is a follower of wildlife or sea, there is something for everyone. Before visiting South Africa, take note of the following;

+ South Africa is one of Africa's most interesting for the observation of nature.
+ The beaches are superb.
+ No time difference.
+ The seasons are reversed compared to France.
- There is great insecurity in urban areas, particularly in Johannesburg and Cape Town.
- The cost of living is relatively high.

Many of African travelers may be more familiar with lions and Serval cats but there's another elegant predator that many are not even aware that it exists-the African golden cat. This cat like predator is seldom seen and very difficult to spot and one reason is its solitary habits, making it rarely photographed. However, scientists have recently taken footage of this hunter in Uganda while it was attempting to take down a red Colobus monkey.

The African golden cat is medium sized African specie with a wide variety of colors ranging from reddish-brown to gray to black melanistic individuals. African golden cats prefer the rain forest regions, but also range into secondary forest regions and have been known to adapt well to logged areas with dense undergrowth. The African golden cat, which can only be found in the forests of West and Central Africa and weighs between 5 and 16 kilograms, is elusive. Only a small number of western scientists were able to observe it in the wild. Records of the animal are also mostly of dead animals that were killed by local hunters and those that were taken by remote camera traps.
“The clip is possibly the first video to be taken of the African golden cat hunting in the daylight” said the Conservation group Panthera which shot and released the video. Scientists depend on motion-activated night cameras and still photography to understand how this spotted predator follows the prey. A trap camera was set originally by team of scientists to capture footage of primates in Kibale forest national Park, one of the most popular Uganda safari destinations for primates tracking and was lucky enough to capture the sleek and spotted predator hunting red Colobus monkeys while these primates were feeding on dead wood.

It was another lucky day in Kalinzu Forest Reserve in Uganda when a video of a golden cat slumbering in a tree was also taken, which shows monkeys that surround and harass the cat until it descends from the top. Watching a golden cat in full ambush of large monkeys in this video provides hunting details we could previously only piece together from brief sightings. It was not until 2002 when the first photo of the living African golden cat in the wild was taken by a camera trap that was set by Panthera Lion Program Survey Coordinator Philip Henschel. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has listed the cat, whose size is comparable to bobcats twice the size of the domestic cat, as a threatened species. The forest-dwelling hunters are threatened because of bush meat hunting and loss of habitat because of deforestation. The African golden cat's status in the wild is not entirely known due to insufficient study.

After many hours of travel from Botswana, I got to get to Windhoek, the capital of Namibia. Laurence, the truck driver left me at the doorstep, the Chameleon Backpackers. It was quite late and there was booked. My intention was camping with my tent/store, but there was no room, as they have a very small camping area, only two or three stores. But there was available a store that have permanently mounted the hostel. It is a safari-style tent, these having the square base and are shaped igloo. In the central part is high enough to stand up. It was a little more expensive than camping with my store, but quite comfortable, because inside is a normal and even a nightstand bed. It's actually a small room, I took a week sleeping there and love it. The hostel is very good, a very relaxed atmosphere, with garden and pool, and a huge kitchen that have impeccable. It is very nice.

WindhoekCity
Windhoek City - Namibia

 

Namibia is a big country and most of it is desert. The cities are far apart from each other. There are few inhabitants, mostly concentrated in the north, so there is huge almost uninhabited areas. It is a very impractical country to visit by public transport, since you can only get to the four main points. But the most beautiful parts of Namibia are more remote. The only way to visit is with an organized or renting your own car tour. In general the roads are good and there is little traffic, so it's relatively easy to drive around. Renting a car is very common among tourists. But renting myself was not viable because I would have gone very expensive, and it's a bit dangerous as driving alone by which remote areas.

Ivan, a friend from college wanted to come visit to Africa but as it was at the end of my trip had left open to wait to see how it was progressing plan. After the summer we were talking to see if we could reconcile some plan out well for us both and we saw that renting a car and make Namibia route for a couple of weeks could be a very good idea. After a few days Judith, another friend of Barcelona is also noted. I had planned to do some traveling around this time and when we explained our plan decided to join.

The first difficulty arises when choosing the type of car and the credible car hire company. The second difficulty comes in defining the route. After searching a lot of information online, read blogs, and send several emails, I decided to rent a jeep with the company Savanna Car Hire. They were offering me the best price and were also very quick to answer emails and answer all my questions. Is a Toyota Hilux, the most popular model in this area, and is equipped with everything needed for camping. There are two folding tents installed on the roof of the car and on the back it is loaded with chairs and folding tables, cooking utensils and refrigerator. That's incredible. Also, I come prepared with a deposit of 160 liters, as sometimes must travel long distances and no gas stations. Define the path was not easy. I spent several hours turning, but I think in the end we have a good plan.

We will be most of the time visiting the northwest of the country. First let's climb north of Windhoek, to visit Etosha Park, Namibia's most famous. There spend a few days on a self drive tour with our car hired and without a guide, something I have not done yet before and I really want to do it again. Then go up to the north of all, playing with the Angolan border, an area known as Kaokoland. This is one of the most remote areas and is where the Himba tribe lives. There will also visit the Epupa Falls, a waterfall in the Kunene River, which are like an oasis in the desert. Then we will be a couple of days down Damaraland desert areas where it is possible you come across with various wild animals. From there we will approach the coast and travel along a piece of the Skeleton Coast (Skeleton Coast).

It is known by this name since there have sunk many ships, some still can be seen from the coast. Pass by the city of Swakopmund, most touristy area, and finally descend to Sesriem to visit the famous dunes of Sossusvlei. Although I had been planning almost everything online, once in Windhoek I finished defining all.

Windhoek Car Hire
Windhoek Car Hire

I had to spend a week here to wait for my friends to arrive. I've done well to finish organizing everything and to take a week of rest and take some time to work on different things from the blog. The first day I went for a walk around the center, to buy food and get a guide and a good map. This city is completely different from those I have seen so far. There is plenty. The buildings are low and separated from them. There are great avenues with more than one lane in each direction. Even the side streets are overly broad. The crossings are well marked and there is very little traffic. It is rare to see more than 4 or 5 cars waiting at traffic lights. Many new cars and many SUVs are. In general there are very few people on the street. No paraditas or persons selling. Nothing to do with all the cities he had seen in East Africa. Namibia was a German colony for a long time and there are many German tourists and expatriates. There are also several whites born here, and some coming from South Africa. I've hardly seen anything of the city, because there are few things to see and also very hot and not feel like walking. I went a few times to the main shopping center.

It is a very large building with modern shops and also has an outdoor street with shops and restaurants, the most famous street in the city. This shopping center is a giant supermarket where you can find everything. It is the first supermarket that actually has the same things to be found in Europe. The first day happens to me like two hours wandering the halls and looking at what he had. The other day we were laughing us with another traveler's hostel because he said he did the same. Although not buy anything, as long you do not see these things, you stay out there walking, just makes you feel at home. That's funny.

One day I went to visit the slum of Winhoek, the neighborhood of Katutura. It is the poorest neighborhood. Clare, an Australian girl who works at the hostel and spent years living here usually go once a week there to work with a small organization, the Home of Good Hope. We also accompanied Zandie, a South African girl. Working in a hostel in Cape Town and you see occasionally exchanged some workers from hostel to learn from each other. Zandie is spending a few days here for the hostel Windhoek and see the city. Interestingly works in Cape Town guesthouse where I have booked for the days you are there, so I'll see it. Along the way we pick Monica, a woman here who is leading the organization and preparing food for the children every day.

In this center they do is basically accommodate small children not yet attending school for a few hours. Do some activities and give them food. Spent a couple of hours helping to feed children and playing with them. Children are always lovely. It's great to see older siblings, who sometimes have neither five years, look after the children. There was a very cute girl who fell asleep in my arms. It was a good experience. The neighborhood of Katutura is the poorest, the houses are very simple and have few things, but conditions are much better than those I saw in Kibera, Nairobi. There is much more space and far less dirt. I guess the good part is that they are less inhabitants. When you're on the road with the car you realize that you really Windhoek is a city in the desert. When houses everything is dry and yellowish run out. I really want to take the car and head out to discover this country.

According to the latest United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) Barometer, International tourist arrivals worldwide grew by 5% during the year of 2014 despite the geopolitical challenges and a lingering economic recovery. Tourism demand was strong during the northern hemisphere high season of June to August.

With a 5% increase, international tourism continued to grow well above the long-term trend projected by UNWTO for the period 2010-2020 (+3.8%). International tourists (overnight visitors) travelling the world between January and August 2014 reached 781 million, 36 million more than in the same period of 2013. The peak months of June, July and August, which account for about one third of the total of the year, saw an increase of 4% compared to the same months of 2013.

By region, the strongest growth was registered in the Americas (+8%), followed by Asia and the Pacific (+5%) and Europe (+4%). By sub region, North America (+9%) and South Asia (+8%) were the star performers, as well as Southern and Mediterranean Europe, Northern Europe, North-East Asia and South America (all +7%).

The Americas (+8%) led growth during the first eight months of 2014, rebounding on last year's subdued results. All four sub regions – North America, Caribbean, Central America and South America – doubled the growth rates registered in 2013.

International arrivals in Asia and the Pacific increased by 5%, consolidating the growth of recent years, with South Asia (+8%) and North-East Asia (+7%) in the lead, followed by Oceania (+6%). On the other hand, growth in arrivals slowed down in South-East Asia (+2%) compared to the strong results registered in 2012 and 2013.

Europe, the most visited region in the world, posted 4% growth in international tourist arrivals through August, with strong results in Northern Europe and Southern Mediterranean Europe (+7% each). By contrast, international tourism grew at a more modest pace in Western Europe (+3%) and was stagnant in Central and Eastern Europe (-1%).

Africa’s international tourist numbers grew by 3% with North Africa consolidating its recovery (+4%). Sub-Saharan Africa’s arrivals were up by 3%.
International tourist arrivals in the Middle East are estimated to be up by 3%, though this figure should be read with caution as it is based on limited available data for the region.
Data on expenditure on travel abroad for the first six to nine months of 2014 indicates that growth among the world’s top ten source markets was highest in China (+16%), while France (+10%), Italy (+8%), the United States of America (+6%), Brazil (+5%) and the Russian Federation (+4%) also reported robust growth.

For the full year 2014, international tourist arrivals are expected to increase by 4% to 4.5%, slightly above UNWTO’s long-term forecast of 3.8% per year for the period 2010 to 2020.
Although the UNWTO Confidence Index shows some weaker levels due to the current geopolitical and health risks, results remain positive as 51% of respondents see prospects for the period September-December 2014 as “much better or better” as against 35% who rate it as “equal” and 14% as “much worse or worse”.

International tourism in countries where there is widespread transmission (Liberia, Guinea and Sierra Leone) represents less than 1% of all international arrivals to African destinations. Yet we have to be aware that misperception about the outbreak is affecting the whole of Africa. On the upside, and according to information gathered from our African Member States and key tour operators and associations in major source markets, there are no significant cancellations to report, despite a certain slowdown in bookings. (Cited from United Nations World tourism Organization)

Mountain gorillas are known to be one of the wild animals that are endangered and decreases in numbers in many forests or mountains in Africa particularly in Uganda, Democratic Republic of Congo and Rwanda. Since they are endangered it is of great importance to make sure that humans could not contribute to some diseases that might affect their life. If you are into great desire of visiting these gentle giants then you must be ready with the things that are prohibited and with the rules that are needed to be followed.

If you want to experience mountain gorilla trekking in Africa, we can be the leading providers of tour packages that will surely suit the needs of our every visitor. Services regarding gorilla trekking packages are offered and organized to avoid more hassle on the part of every visitor. And accommodation can be included that is near the gorilla parks, that is to say; Volcanoes National Park in Rwanda, Virunga national Park in DR Congo, Mgahinga National Park and Bwindi Impenetrable Forest in Uganda. Gorilla permits before doing gorilla trekking must also be secured through your travel agent. Gorilla permits for foreign non-residents in Uganda cost US dollars 600 each. However, there are promotional permits of US dollars 350 in April, May and November. In Rwanda, a gorilla permit costs US dollars 750 each.

Gorilla trekking is one of the most popular things to do once you are in Africa particularly at Rwanda and Uganda. It becomes popular for there are many people who demand to experience seeing wild animals such as these giant gentles known as gorillas. Visitors will be engaged in exciting journey wherein they have to follow the guide in tracking the movement of the gorillas in the forest. It might be hard to track gorillas in the forest so it is important to trust the guide and follow as much as possible in order to avoid certain problems.

Trekking Gorillas might take you longer or might spend most of the time so you must be prepared more importantly physically. You must bring enough food and water for snacks. These might be included with the instructions provided prior heading to the headquarters wherein dos and don’ts are as well enumerated.

Once the gorillas are already tracked, you will now have time to observe them but remember not to come too close with them. You can already enjoy watching them or taking some videos and pictures but camera flash must be off. Do not leave anything on the area once you planned to take the journey back home. Rules must really be followed. And there are options with regards to gorilla trekking depending on the preferences of the visitors most especially their availability. Through these wild selections you are provided with chance on which gorilla trekking is the best for you.

Though you are required to spend money, time and effort still it will worth it all once you already experience how it feels like to go gorilla trekking. Aside from the experience that you will gain from this experience, you will also be provided with the chance to be aware about these endangered wild animals named as gorillas. The experience (Gorilla trekking) can as well be considered as one of a lifetime moment that will be treasured and remembered through the rest of the years. Many dream to see real gorillas but only few are granted so it would be an edge among others if you are able to experience mountain gorilla trekking in Africa.

Amboseli National Park offers one of the most classic images of Kenya, the huge mountain of Kilimanjaro, with its 5,985 m dominating the plains like a powerful god ruling the world from his silver throne. Before the missionary Johannes Rebmann discovery of the mountain to Western culture in 1848, the old Swahili and Arab legends spoke of a mountain in the interior, whose summit lived a terrible god who punished those who dared to approach his dwelling by paralyzing the feet and hands. Thus, the inhabitants of the tropical shores described a stranger to them phenomenon freezing.

Interestingly, Kilimanjaro is not within the limits of Amboseli, in fact it is not even in Kenya. But Tanzanians have not yet found a way to prevent one of the most famous views of their mountain is provided by their neighbors. Actually, if you look at the map you'll see that the absurdly straight line between the two countries deviates from a deliberately to leave the mount in Tanzanian territory. The reason? When the partition of East Africa into two spheres of influence, British and German, England and Germany had two mountains none, so Queen Victoria gave the Kilimanjaro his nephew Kaiser Wilhelm II on the occasion of his birthday, and deal left everyone satisfied.

The national park was created in 1974 with an area of 392 km², though it is surrounded by a much larger reserve occupied by the Maasai people. Amboseli is located in the Rift Valley province, near the Tanzanian border northwest of Kilimanjaro. Despite the high temperatures, the lands of Amboseli are above 1,180 m. The summits of the mountains are hidden by clouds for much of the day. The best time to have the opportunity to spot his flat head is at dawn.

The Amboseli territory belongs to the Maasai country, the legendary warrior tribe of nomadic shepherds who feed on a mixture of blood and milk. The Maasai continue to live today as they always have in reserve surrounding the park, grazing their herds and moving their belongings in search of better pastures. During their migrations, restricted today, the Maasai build their villages, called enkang 'or more popularly manyatta or emanyata, with wooden sticks and cow dung. With her slender bodies, their hieratic and proud faces, their colorful costumes and twisted and dyed red hair, maasais offer great plasticity photographer, but for your own safety never retrates them without your permission.

Amboseli is a very fragile ecosystem, subject to large seasonal variations. Basically the ground is dry, with low annual rainfall between 350 and 400 mm. The northwestern portion of the park is occupied by the bed of Lake Amboseli, which is nothing but an immense fiery earth cracked salt pan in which flit whirlwinds of dust during much of the year. The mirages blend with the herds of zebras and wildebeest, who walk the crestfallen bed and in single file, with a weary and lost air.

During the wet season, the rains flood the lake bed and much of the adjacent land. However, this abundance of water not allow to hold a wide variety of plant life. The reason are the salts of the lakebed, which disperse water soaking the plain and slowing the growth of plants. This is the reason why the park has few trees, only a few scattered acacias. Conversely, the salt-rich pastures grow and are very appreciated by the herbivores.

Despite the first impression of a dry and dusty ground, actually Amboseli is overflowing with water in any season, but underground. The Snows of Kilimanjaro melt and run downhill, soaking the porous layers of volcanic rock from underground. They thus form several underground streams that converge into two clear water springs in the heart of the park and come to the surface in many parts forming large swamps as Loginya Swamp, where the papyrus grow and frolic elephants, hippos and buffaloes, with its cutting cattle egrets.

Amboseli's geography is so simple that its description reminds treasure maps pirates. The vast plain starts in the dry bed of Lake Amboseli, which welcomes visitors with its bleak picture. To the south and east the area called Ol Tukai, a patch of lush vegetation where some of the lodges located appears. South of these appears a forest of palm trees, a cool oasis providing water, shade and shelter for many animals.

On both sides of palm forest wetlands extend, and in the western part rises the Observation Hill, the only land elevation, a gentle hill that rises to walk and offers a magnificent panorama of the park. Further south, the layers of volcanic rock ejected by the volcano hundreds of years ago come to the surface, turning the landscape into a badlands. At the edge of the lava flow lies another of the lodges, the Amboseli Serena. Finally, on the southern edge of the park are several Maasai villages next to the Tortilis camping.

Amboseli is under strong degradation by both tourists and natives. The flat and sparse geography of the park facilitates the movement off the track, but this practice destroys pastures, so the authorities insist that marked paths must be respected. As for the Maasai, continue to drive their cattle inland areas of the park, a prohibited practice but which nobody dares to curb. At the end of the day, the Maasai were evicted from their land and once, when the city of Nairobi was founded.

Majority of the people traveling to Uganda for a holiday go for a safari, and most going for a luxury safari go to Bwindi National Park, a home to half of the world's last remaining population of the mountain gorillas. Most tourists come for Uganda gorilla safaris and spend not less than 2 nights in the impenetrable forests of Bwindi in south western Uganda.

Have you ever understood why Uganda is the Ultimate Bucket List Vacation Destination in East Africa? Safari is the biggest part of that, the main reason most Europeans make the trip. Bwindi itself is the nation’s top National Park for gorilla trekking safaris in Uganda, with modern facilities, overnight lodges and good roads. Go to a top safari lodge with expert rangers, trackers and vehicles. The best of these are found in Bwindi. The difference between a visit to a Park rest camp and a private lodge is so big as to be almost incomparable. The luxurious accommodations afford supreme privacy and luxury, with unfenced accommodations that make the most of the forest environs. Back at the lodges you have an amazing level of true luxury accommodations, service and cuisine. The best safari lodges accommodate few guests, many with less than 20 rooms, and some far less, and are little enclaves of paradise.

mountain-gorillasBwindi contains the vast majority of the world’s greatest safari lodges, and this region alone has as many great choices as the rest of Uganda combined. Top luxury safari names such as Mahogany springs, Buhoma lodge, Bwindi lodge, Ruhija Gorilla safari lodge, Clouds mountain gorilla lodge, silver back lodge, and many more reside here. You really can’t go wrong at any of these. But if you compared it to urban hotels or resorts elsewhere, all of these would be at least 4-Star, but a couple would break out into the highest 5-Star category.

Choosing where to stay in Bwindi can be difficult and often boils down more to availability than preferences, especially if you go at a popular vacation time like Christmas. I know a couple of people who planned holiday trips and even 6 months ahead couldn’t get into their first, second or third choices. Most of the desired safari lodges have few rooms and lodgings anywhere, for travelers from all around the world, and a year in advance is not too far to book for Christmas break or other peak times.
Bwindi is well-regarded as one of the best gorilla viewing spots on earth. Generally gorillas are the most endangered of the great apes and for most safari goers; gorilla tracking is the highlight of the trip. This rain forest is known for its abundance of primates including L’hoest and Colobus monkeys. What is predictable is that the better the ranger and tracker, the more likely you are to have a great wildlife experience.

These game viewing experiences are unparalleled and so are the lodges themselves. Buhoma lodge has a more classic African feel, with its home-like rooms. The luxury rooms are all extremely large and freestanding, and each has a deck with private infinity balcony overlooking the wild, plus luxurious indoor bathrooms. All in all it has an escapist wilderness feel of seclusion and understated luxury and when you are here it is like nothing else exists in the world.